Identifying Your Skin Type: Practical Guide

Determine your skin type

Many of us use facial moisturizers, sometimes without knowing how to choose the right product to avoid ending up with unsuitable and ineffective products. This article aims to better understand your skin and how it works, in order to allow you to choose the appropriate treatments to best protect it.

Each of us has a skin type that is permanent, and undergoes changes in skin condition, which are a reflection of our lifestyle habits, the seasons and our environment, for example. So many factors that affect it will cause the skin to be dehydrated, more sensitive, or more marked with signs of aging.

  1. Normal skin

Normal skin is skin that remains hydrated at just the right level. The pores are tightened and you do not feel skin discomfort or tightness.

On a daily basis, a specific facial cleanser and a moisturizer, plus a weekly exfoliation, are sufficient.

  1. Oily skin

Oily skin tends to shine during the day and can develop acne and blackheads. This is due to an overproduction of sebum in the pilosebaceous follicles.

To clean your oily skin, you can use a cleanser that will not be aggressive to the skin, and therefore rather alcohol-free. A gel texture is preferable and you can also use a rich bar, a micellar lotion or an astringent. Once cleansed, the skin needs to be hydrated. Opt for a non-greasy hydrating fluid. Finally, a weekly exfoliating scrub helps unclog pores. Combine a purifying mask with this scrub to absorb excess sebum. Tea tree, geranium, lavender and peppermint essential oils are used against blemishes.

  1. Mixed skin

Oily skin tends to shine in the T-zone during the day and you may feel tightness on your face. Blackheads and acne spots can appear on the T zone (forehead, nose, sides of the nose, chin).

We advise you to cleanse and moisturize the skin morning and evening, daily. Once or twice a week, an exfoliating scrub as well as a purifying mask with white or green clay complete this anti-shine and anti-blackhead treatment. Tea tree, geranium, lavender and peppermint essential oils are used against blemishes.

  1. Dry skin

Dry skin is a sign of insufficient sebum production because the hydrolipidic film is altered. Skin discomfort such as tightness, redness, cracking, streaking or peeling of the skin appears. Fine lines and wrinkles also form more quickly and the skin is not supple. It is therefore necessary to strengthen the barrier function of the skin which is weakened and weakens the epidermis, which is more sensitive to external aggressions, such as wind, cold temperatures, dry air, UV rays, etc.

The first instinct to have is to drink water regularly and eat a nutritious diet, and to avoid showers that are too hot. The use of nourishing natural and organic cosmetics is of utmost importance here. We advise you to avoid products containing perfume, or that are too aggressive, such as antibacterial soaps, for example.

Jojoba, argan and shea butter oils have nourishing properties.

Skin conditions depend on the season, the period of life or the functioning of hormones for example. These conditions affect all skin types and can be a problem for your skin.

Dehydrated skin

Many of us lack water in our skin. This causes temporary tightness in certain areas, as well as a lack of radiance to the complexion.

Sensitive and reactive skin

Sensitive skin marks quickly and feelings of heating appear. Itching and irritation are common for sensitive skin.

Mature skin

Mature skin is marked by a lack of tone and its appearance is less radiant. The sebaceous glands are less active, leading to dry skin and a reduction in the skin's barrier function. The epidermis is more vulnerable and sensitized. Fine lines and wrinkles are the accumulation of skin weakening created on the surface of the skin. This is caused by a slowdown in cell renewal, a reduction in collagen which provides elasticity to the skin, and a reduction in hyaluronic acid which makes the skin appear less plump and less hydrated. External factors such as prolonged exposure to the sun, tobacco consumption, pollution, stress, lack of sleep contribute to drying out skin cells.

A healthy lifestyle is recommended, balanced diet and sports activity and good sleep are recommended. Daily hydration with treatments adapted to your skin, and specific for certain areas of the face (eye contour) and body, helps maintain good cell hydration.

Hyaluronic acid plumps and fills the skin with water, while vitamin C has an anti-oxidant action and energizes cell activity. Vitamin E acts in synergy with vitamin C and protects the lipids of cell membranes, and has an action against free radicals.

Prickly pear, rapeseed, hazelnut and avocado seed oils are very rich in vitamin E.

Back to blog

Leave a comment

Please note, comments need to be approved before they are published.